Volodin Viktor Mikhaylovich, Doctor of economic sciences, professor, dean of the faculty of economics and administration, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Sergeeva Irina Anatol'evna, Doctor of economic sciences, professor, sub-department of management and economic safety, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Dorofeev Vladimir Dmitrievich, Doctor of engineering sciences, professor, head of sub-department of management and economic safety, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The growing problem of economic security of the state is amplified in the globalized economy and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by a number of industrialized countries demanding from our government a balanced and adequate response. This entails changes in the economic policy of the state, in which at the present stage there is no science-based industrial policy aimed at enhancing the processes of creating conditions for a transfer of the Russian economy to innovative way of development. In the current conditions Russia would not be able to withstand the exerted pressure and prevent threats to economic security of the state without changing the macroeconomic course and without the developing the domestic industry. The purpose of the article is to justify the need for improvement of the state economic policy with the aim of reducing the negative impact of external and internal threats and ensuring economic security of the country.
Materials and methods. The research tasks was achieved through the use of official materials of the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, as well as through the study of works by domestic scientists on this problem and materials of the roundtable held on 22nd October 2014 in the State Duma of the Russian Federation. The methodological potential included the monographic method, the use of which allows to explore approaches to development of industrial enterprises, previously suggested by scholars, as well as a methodological approach and indicators for assessing the economic security of the state, the legal framework and its deficiencies; the statistical method used to analyze the data associated with identification of challenges and threats to economic security, and the status and trends of development of the Russian economy.
Results. The authors identified challenges and threats to economic security, prevention and elimination of which is sorely needed for development of the state and fro realization of national interests. The researchers identified the main threats to economic security of Russia, analyzed the statistical data confirming their presence and negative impact on the economy, and considered the main directions of the state policy. The work substantiates a complex of measures aimed at changing the state policy and economic security of the country.
Conclusions. The study of the main threats to economic security of the state and problems of functioning of the whole economy causes an acute need to develop adequate and effective public policies that will contribute to addressing a wide range of tasks on neutralization of the existing threats and on prevention of new threats, and will minimize their negative consequences in the future.
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